What is My Skin Type and How Do I Find Out My Skin Type?

man touching his cheeks to find out his skin type

Understanding what your skin type is should be your first step in identifying the skincare products and treatments required to keep your skin healthy and in proper function.

This blog post helps you men out there as a guide to know your skin type so that you can develop your personal skincare routine to keep it in optimal condition.

Different Skin Types

The skin being the largest organ covering the entire body protects us, regulates our temperature, and shows us the first signs of imbalance in our bodies. The health of our skin reflects the true health of our body.
To know more about skin and its functions, read the article, Skin: How it works from Medical News Today.

Our skin type is determined by several factors (both external and internal) such as- genetics, age, ethnicity, hormonal changes, climate, environment and your daily habits.
  1. Oily Skin
  2. Dry Skin
  3. Normal Skin
  4. Combination Skin
As there are no proper definitions for normal and combination skin, some dermatologists do not consider them as true skin types.

1. Oily Skin

Normally the skin secretes natural oils (called as Sebum) to keep itself moisturized and healthy. For people with oily skin, there is an excess production of these natural oils, which forms a thin layer of oil over the skin throughout the day.

The production of sebum in men is double than that of women. The pores are larger and sebaceous glands are more active in men than women. Therefore this type of skin is the most common one in men compared to women.

Characteristics of Oily Skin

  1. Excess sebum production
  2. Larger (visible) pores and highly active oil glands
  3. Skin gets shiny quickly and continues throughout the day
  4. Oily skin is more prone to frequent acne breakouts, pimples, blackheads and whiteheads.
  5. Thick skin and lesser wrinkles.

How to take care of oily skin

  • The excess production of sebum blocks the pores, attract germs and causes acne and pimples. If this happens you may feel like pop out or pricking the pimples. Well, don’t do that!! It will only worsen your conditions as the germs may spread to other areas of your skin and cause more pimples and breakouts.
  • Follow a daily skincare routine with appropriate products. Avoid using thick creams and moisturizers as they can cause clogged pores (blocked pores).
  • Don’t skip hydration of your skin. Oily skin can still be dry because of no or less water retention. Therefore hydrating your skin is also an important step.
  • Use skincare products that are oil-free and doesn’t block your skin pores.
  • The dead skin cells get trapped in the pores of your skin. Therefore exfoliate your skin lightly to remove those dead skin cells.
  • With changes in your daily habits and the food you eat can certainly result in decreased sebum production and lesser shine on your skin.

2. Dry Skin

The less production of sebum causes this skin type. As a result, the skin lacks the natural moisturizing factors that help in water retention of your skin. Certain body parts are more prone to dry skin such as hands, legs, palm and ankle of your feet.

Source: Tiege Hanley

Characteristics of dry skin

  1. Skin is constantly losing water
  2. Rough skin texture
  3. Tight and dull skin covered with flaking dead cells
  4. Lesser (or barely) visible skin pores
  5. Lacks elasticity and increased wrinkles
  6. Frequent itchiness, irritation and redness on your skin

How to take care of your dry skin

  • Dehydration is the major cause which leads to dryness of the skin. Keep your skin hydrated so that your skin looks younger and radiant.
  • It is essential to use skincare products that are specifically designed for dry skin. Also, avoid products that include dry ingredients. Use sunscreen often to avoid exposure to UV rays.
  • Exfoliate your skin daily with gentle care to remove dead skin cells, without removing the sebum.
  • Apply moisturizing cream (rather than lotions and gels) often throughout the day.
  • Avoid long and very hot showers as it further causes skin irritation. Use lukewarm water to shower and wash your face.
Sometimes dry skin can be an indication of an underlying health condition. Therefore if you notice a great deal of redness, flaking, or irritation, it’s important to talk to a doctor or dermatologist to see if you have any serious skin or health issues.

3. Normal Skin

Normal skin is nothing but a well-balanced skin. It has the normal amount of sebum production and moisture content. You are less likely to be affected by any skin issues if you have normal skin.

Characteristics of Normal Skin

  1. Smooth, clear and radiant skin
  2. No or fewer blemishes
  3. Fine pores which are hardly visible
  4. Skin is neither too oily nor too dry
  5. Skin is healthy and well hydrated
  6. Good blood circulation
Although you may not have a lot of issues with this type of skin, it is recommended to follow a daily routine to take care of your skin.

4. Combination Skin Type

Combination skin type is a mix of oily and dry skin in different areas on your face. It is the most common skin type and is often mistaken for oily skin.

People with combination skin will have oily skin in the T-Zone, covering their forehead, nose and chin. There is an excess production of sebum in this region. The cheeks, mouth and eyes are dry due to lack of sebum secretion and water retention in these regions.

Source: reequil
  • Choose a product that addresses both oily and dry areas of your skin. Use products containing plant extracts such as green tea, cucumber, and chamomile to soothe the skin and calm inflammation. The products should be fragrance-free and contain natural ingredients.
  • Exfoliating is essential for those with combination skin. Dead skin cells on the dry part of the face will be removed, while clogged pores will be unblocked and cleared.

How to Know Your Skin Type

Carry out the below mentioned simple test to determine your skin type.
  1. Firstly wet your face with warm water. Use a small amount of soap-free cleanser and massage your face. Then rinse your face with cold water.
  2. Dry pat your face with a clean towel.
  3. Don’t apply any products on your face. Wait for at least 30mins to one hour. Avoid touching your face as well.
  4. After 30 mins take a tissue paper and gently dab on your face. Check if oil was wiped off of your skin.
  5. If it did, then you might have oily or combination skin. Stand in front of a mirror and take a close look at your skin. If the skin feels cleaner and shiny all over the face then you have oily skin.
  6. The oiliness in your T-zone and dryness in your cheeks indicates you have combination skin.
  7. If you feel your skin is tight, itchy or wrinkled as the day continues, that is an indication of dry skin. (Source: WikiHow)

If you are still not sure of your skin type then consult a dermatologist to help you with your concerns.

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